Welcome to the SPKN Sport Knowledge Center, which is operated by SPKN - The Sport Professional Knowledge Network, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to provide the evidence-based knowledge and tools necessary to develop today’s athletes – mentally, physically, and emotionally.
We at SPKN believe that by bringing academics, coaches, athletes, and other sport professionals together in conversation, we can bridge the divide between academic research and practice to improve the entire landscape of sport. We’re committed to integrity and informed values-driven standards and we’re glad you’re here. Together, we’ll drive a better world of sport.
WELCOME TO THE CONVERSATION.
APA style is a writing style and format for academic documents such as scholarly journal articles and books. It is commonly used for citing sources within the field of behavioral and social sciences, including sociology, education, health sciences, criminal justice, and anthropology, as well as psychology.
Use this checklist while writing your paper to ensure consistency with the seventh edition APA Style. This checklist corresponds to the writing and formatting guidelines described in full in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).
There are five levels of heading in APA Style. Level 1 is the highest or main level of heading, Level 2 is a subheading of Level 1, Level 3 is a subheading of Level 2, and so on through Levels 4 and 5.
The number of headings to use in a paper depends on the length and complexity of the work.
In general, double-space all parts of an APA Style paper, including the abstract; text; block quotations; table and figure numbers, titles, and notes; and reference list (including between and within entries). Do not add extra space before or after paragraphs.
Exceptions to double line spacing ar...
APA Style uses the author–date citation system, in which a brief in-text citation directs readers to a complete reference list entry. The in-text citation appears within the body of the paper (or in a table, figure, footnote, or appendix). Briefly, it identifies the cited work by its author and d...